This subject provides a foundation level understanding of the structure and function of biological macromolecules (proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, and nucleic acids) and the major metabolic and bio-energetic pathways within cells. The subject also includes study of calcium and phosphorus metabolism and an introduction to nutritional biochemistry. The subject provides the basis for further studies by Dentistry students in applied genetics, immunology, pathology, pharmacology-therapeutics and in clinical dental subjects.